187

Anno primo GEORGII I

 

A.D. 1714

CHAP. XIII


An act for the further security of his Majesty's person and government, and the succession of the crown in the heirs of the late princess Sophia, being protestants; and for extinguishing the hopes of the pretended Prince of Wales, and his open and secret abettors.



WHEREAS by an act made in the twelfth year of the reign of his late majesty King William, of glorious and immortal memory, intituled, An act for the further limitation of the crown, and better securing the rights and liberties of the subject; it was enacted, That the crown and regal government of the kingdoms of England, France, and Ireland, and the dominions thereunto belonging, with the royal state and dignity of the said realms, and all honours, stiles, titles, regalities, prerogatives, powers, jurisdictions and authorities, to the same belonging and appertaining, after the decease of his said Majesty, and of the princess Anne of Denmark, and in default of issue of the said princess Anne of Denmark, and of his said Majesty respectively, should be, remain, and continue to the most excellent princess Sophia, electoress and dutchess dowager of Hanover, daughter of the most excellent princess Elizabeth, late Queen of Bohemia, daughter of our late sovereign lord King James the First, and the heirs of the body of the said princess Sophia, being protestants: and whereas also an act was made in England in the thirteenth and fourteenth years of the reign of the said King William, intituled, An act for the further security of his Majesty's person, and the succession of the crown in the protestant line, and for extinguishing the hopes of the pretended prince of Wales, and all other pretenders, and their open and secret abettors, whereby, among other things, it was provided, That all and every person and persons, mentioned in the said last recited act, should take the oath therein mentioned, and subscribe the same, in the manner, at the times and places, and under the pains and penalties therein expressed; and upon the demise of his late majesty King William,



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there was another act made in the first year of her late majesty Queen Anne, intituled, An act to declare the alterations in the oath appointed to be taken by the act, intituled, An act for the further security of his Majesty's person, and the succession of the crown in the protestant line; and for extinguishing the hopes of the pretended prince of Wales, and all other pretenders, and their open and secret abettors; and for declaring the association to be determined; and for the same end there was another act passed in the fourth year of her said late majesty Queen Anne, intituled, An act for the better security of her Majesty's person and government, and of the succession to the crown of England in the protestant line: and whereas by the treaty of union, and second article thereof, it is provided, That the succession to the monarchy of the united kingdom of Great Britain, and of the dominions thereunto belonging, after her said late most sacred majesty Queen Anne, and in default of issue of her said Majesty, should be, remain, and continue to the most excellent princess Sophia, electoress and dutchess dowager of Hanover and the heirs of her body, being protestants, upon whom the crown of England stood settled by the aforesaid act, made in England in the twelfth year of the reign of his late majesty King William; pursuant to which treaty and state of union, there were sundry act made in the reign of her said late majesty Queen Anne, for taking certain oaths and declarations for security of her Majesty's person and government, and settling the crown in the protestant line: and whereas the said pretended prince of Wales hath assumed the stile and title of James the Third, King of England, Scotland and Ireland, in open defiance of the provisions made for the establishment of the title and succession of the crown by the said acts of parliament, on which said acts the safety of your Majesty's royal person and government, the continuance of the monarchy of Great Britain, the preservation of the protestant religion, the maintenance of the churches of England and Scotland, as by law established, the security of the ancient and undoubted rights and liberties, and the future peace and tranquility of this kingdom do (under God) entirely depend: and whereas the said pretended prince of Wales, since the demise of the late Queen, in prejudice of your Majesty's just right and title to the imperial crown of these realms, has continued to assume the said name and title of James the Third, King of England, Scotland and Ireland, in manifest violation of your Majesty's most lawful and rightful title to the crown, and of the acts and treaty above-mentioned, made for settling, and further security of the same, and for extinguishing the hopes of him the said pretender, and of all other pretenders, and their open and secret abettors: and whereas also several wicked and evil-minded persons have, even since your Majesty's happy accession to the throne, in riotous, seditious, and treasonable manner, taken upon them to give to the said pretended prince of Wales the aforesaid name and title: to the intent therefore the said acts may be for ever inviolably preserved, and that all future questions and divisions, by reason of any pretended titles to the crown, may be prevented, we your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the lords spiritual and temporal and commons, in this present parliament assembled do



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humbly beseech your most excellent Majesty, that it may be enacted; and be it enacted by the King's most excellent majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the lords spiritual and temporal and commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by authority of the same, That all and every person and persons, as well peers as commoners, that shall bear any office or offices, civil or military, or shall receive any pay, salary, fee or wages, by reason of any patent of grant from his Majesty, or shall have command or place of trust from or under his Majesty, or from any of his Majesty's predecessors, or by his, her or their authority, or by authority derived from him, her, or them, within Great Britain, or in his Majesty's navy, or in the several islands of Jersey and Guernsey, or shall be of the houshold, or in the service or imployment of his Majesty, or of his royal highness George prince of Wales, or her royal highness the princess of Wales, or their issue, and all ecclesiastical persons, heads or governors, of what denomination soever, and all other members of colleges and halls in any university, that are or shall be of the foundation, or that do or shall enjoy any exhibition, (being of the age of eighteen years) and all persons teaching or reading to pupils in any university, or elsewhere, and all schoolmasters and ushers, and all preachers and teachers of separate congregations, all constables, and every person that shall act as a serjeant at law, counselor at law, barrister, advocate, attorney, solicitor, writer in Scotland, proctor, clerk, or notary by practicing in any manner as such in any court whatsoever, who shall inhabit reside, or be within the cites of London or Westminster, or within thirty miles distant from the same, on the first day of Michaelmas term next, at any time during the said term, shall personally appear before the end of the said term in his Majesty's court of chancery, king's-bench, common pleas or Exchequer, and there, in publick and open court, between the hours of nine of the clock and twelve in the forenoon, take the oaths herein after mentioned; that is to say,



I A.B. do sincerely promise and swear, That I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to his majesty King George.

So help me God.



I A.B. do swear, that I do from my heart abhor, detest and abjure, as impious and heretical, that dammable doctrine and position, That princes excommunicated or deprived by the Pope, or any authority of the see of Rome, may be deposed or murthered by their subjects, or any other whatsoever. And I do declare, that no foreign prince, person, prelate, state or potentate, hath or ought to have any jurisdiction, power, superiority, pre-eminence or authority, ecclesiastical or spiritual, within this realm.

So help me God.


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I A.B do truly and sincerely acknowledge, profess, testify and declare, in my conscience, before God and the world, That our sovereign Lord King George is lawful and rightful King of this realm, and all other his Majesty's dominions and countries thereunto belonging. And I do solemnly and sincerely declare, That I do believe in my conscience, that the person pretended to be prince of Wales, during the life of the late King James, and since his decease pretending to be, and taking upon himself the stile and title of King of England, by the name of James the Third, or of Scotland, by the name of James the Eighth, or the stile and title of King of Great Britain, hath not any right or title whatsoever to the crown of this realm, or any other the dominions thereunto belonging; and I do renounce, refuse, and abjure any allegiance or obedience to him. And I do swear, That I will bear faith and true allegiance to his majesty King George, and him will defend to the utmost of my power, against all traiterous conspiracies and attempts whatever which shall be made against his person, crown or dignity. And I will do my utmost endeavour to disclose and make known to his Majesty, and his successors, all treasons and traiterous conspiracies which I shall know to be against him, or any of them. And I do faithfully promise, to the utmost of my power to support, maintain and defend the succession of the crown against him the said James, and all other persons whatsoever, which succession, by an act, intituled, An act for the further limitation of the crown, and better securing the rights and liberties of the subject, is and stands limited to the princess Sophia, electoress and dutchess dowager of Hanover, and the heirs of her body, being protestants. And all these things I do plainly and sincerely acknowledge and swear, according to these express words by me spoken, and according to the plain and common sense and understanding of the same words, without any equivocation, mental evasion, or secret reservation whatsoever. And I do make this recognition, acknowledgement, renunciation and promise, heartily, willingly and truly, upon the true faith of a Christian.

So help me God.


Unto which oaths so taken, every such person so taking the same, shall subscribe his name, or if he cannot write, shall make his mark, and during the time of taking the said oaths, all pleas and proceedings in the said respective courts shall cease; and all and every the said respective persons and officers, not having taken the said oaths, and subscribed the same, as aforesaid, shall on or before the twenty third day of January next, at the general or quarter-sessions for that county, riding, liberty, city, borough, town corporate or place, where he or they shall be, inhabit or reside on the first day of December next, take the said oaths in open court, between the said hours of nine and twelve of the clock in the forenoon , and subscribe his name, or if he cannot write, make his mark under the same.



201


XXXIII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That from and after the nine and twentieth day of September, one thousand seven hundred and fifteen, the same oath of abjuration by this act appointed to be taken in Great Britain, shall be the oath of abjuration to be taken in the kingdom of Ireland, and no other; and that the indemnities above-mentioned be and are hereby extended to the said kingdom of Ireland.

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